It used to be that fruit was only found in a few specific styles of beer, such as a belgian lambic. But thanks to the tinkering nature of craft brewers and homebrewers, it’s become increasingly popular over the years. Nobody ever heard of a blueberry stout or a raspberry wheat until the mid ‘90’s, but there are presently several breweries making beers with fruit in them.
In our experience, it requires some trial and error to come up with the right combination, but it can yield some delicious results. While you can add fruit or fruit flavoring to any style of beer, some styles lend themselves to being paired with fruit better than others. Wheat beers are a popular style to add fruit to. Porters and stouts blend well with fruit as well.
Acai (pronounced “ah-sigh-ee”) are small, dark purple berries that are loaded with tons of health benefits. In the United States, acai is found pre-pureed, frozen, scooped into plastic packets, then sold at grocery stores. It can only be served frozen because the juice from acai berries must be eaten within 24 hours of extraction. In the Amazon, acai berries are soaked to soften the skin, then mashed to form a paste.
Commercial Examples: Lemon Quest / It’s The End of the Wort As We Know It | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery; Whipped Cream Acai Speedway | AleSmith Brewing Co.; Resolution Blueberry Acai Golden Ale | Breckenridge Brewery
An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree. Apple trees are cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus Malus. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe and were brought to North America by European colonists.
Apricot is a fruit tree of the rose family (Rosaceae), cultivated throughout the temperate regions of the world, especially in the Mediterranean. Apricots are closely related to peaches, almonds, plums, and cherries. They are eaten fresh or cooked and are preserved by canning or drying. The fruit is also widely made into jam and is often used to flavour liqueurs.
The avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from south-central Mexico, is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. Avocado trees are partially self-pollinating, and are often propagated through grafting to maintain quality.
A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa. The fruit is variable in size, color, and firmness, but is usually elongated and curved, with soft flesh rich in starch covered with a rind, which may be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown when ripe. The fruits grow upward in clusters near the top of the plant.
Bilberries share a deep visual resemblance with blueberries, sometimes referred to as European blueberry, or whortleberry. Despite this, bilberries and blueberries are slightly different species of berries Bilberries also have a more tart taste, possibly due to differences in the phytochemicals they contain. That said, they still have some sweetness too and can be eaten in the same way as blueberries.
The blackberry is an edible fruit produced by many species in the genus Rubus in the family Rosaceae. What distinguishes the blackberry from its raspberry relatives is whether or not the torus (receptacle or stem) picks with (i.e., stays with) the fruit. When picking a blackberry fruit, the torus stays with the fruit while with a raspberry, the torus remains on the plant.
The blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum), also known as black currant or cassis, is a deciduous shrub in the family Grossulariaceae grown for its edible berries. It is native to temperate parts of central and northern Europe and northern Asia, where it prefers damp fertile soils. It is widely cultivated both commercially and domestically. Blackcurrants can be eaten raw, but are usually cooked in sweet or savoury dishes.
Blackthorn or sloe, is a species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae. It is native to Europe, western Asia, and locally in northwest Africa. It is also locally naturalized in New Zealand, Tasmania and eastern North America. The fruits are used to make sloe gin in Britain and Spain. The wood is used to make walking sticks, including the Irish shillelagh. Like many other fruits with pits, the pit of the sloe contains trace amounts of hydrogen cyanide.
The blood orange is a sweet variety of oranges with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh. The flesh develops its characteristic maroon color when the fruit develops with low temperatures during the night. Blood oranges have a unique flavor compared to other oranges, being distinctly raspberry-like in addition to the usual citrus notes. The blood orange is a natural mutation of the orange, a hybrid, probably between the pomelo and the tangerine.
Blueberries are a widely distributed and widespread group of perennial flowering plants with blue or purple berries. They are classified in the section Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium. Vaccinium also includes cranberries, bilberries, huckleberries and Madeira blueberries. Commercial blueberries—both wild (lowbush) and cultivated (highbush)—are all native to North America. The highbush varieties were introduced into Europe during the 1930s.
The boysenberry is a cross among the European raspberry (Rubus idaeus), European blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), American dewberry (Rubus aboriginum), and loganberry (Rubus × loganobaccus). The exact origins of the boysenberry are unclear, but the most definite records trace the plant as it is known today back to grower Rudolph Boysen, who obtained the dewberry–loganberry parent from the farm of John Lubben.
Commercial Examples: Illusion of Safety [Raspberry + Blackberry + Boysenberry + Black Currant + Cacao Nibs + Vanilla] (Ghost 949) | Adroit Theory; Boysenberry Reserve 2003 | Redstone Meadery
Breadfruit (also known as Ulu in Hawaii, Samoa, Rotuma, and Tuvalu) is a large fruit from a tree of the mulberry family (Moraceae) that are a staple food of the South Pacific and other tropical areas. Breadfruit contains considerable amounts of starch and is seldom eaten raw. It typically is roasted, baked, boiled, fried, or dried and ground into flour. Breadfruit tastes like a mix between freshly baked bread, plantains and potatoes.
Commercial Examples: Kahiki Historical Ale (Ki Root (Ti), Ko (Sugar Cane), Kalo (Taro), Niu (Coconut), Olena (Tumeric) and Ulu (Breadfruit)) | Lanikai Brewing Co.; Flying Dodo Bread Fruit Ale | Flying Dodo Brewing Co.; Liquid Breadfruit|Maui Brewing Co.
Buddha’s Hand or Fingered Citron, is an unusually shaped citron variety whose fruit is segmented into finger-like sections, resembling those seen on representations of the Buddha. Unlike other citrus fruits, most varieties of the Buddha’s hand fruit contain no pulp or juice. Though esteemed chiefly for its exquisite form and aroma, the fruit can also be eaten in desserts, savory dishes, and alcoholic beverages such as vodka or rice liquor.
Calamansi, also known as calamondin, Philippine lime, or Philippine lemon, is an economically important citrus hybrid predominantly cultivated in the Philippines. It is native to the Philippines, Borneo, Sumatra, and Sulawesi in Indonesia in Southeast Asia, as well as southern China and Taiwan in East Asia. Other English common names of calamansi include: golden lime, Panama orange (also used for kumquats), musk orange, bitter-sweets and acid orange.
Commercial Examples: Illusion of Safety [Calamansi + Mango + Passion Fruit] | Adroit Theory; Berghoff Solstice Wit | Berghoff Brewery, Inc.; Milkshake IPA (Yuzu Calamansi Jasmine) | Tired Hands Brewing Co.
The cantaloupe, is a variety of melon of the muskmelon species (Cucumis melo) from the family Cucurbitaceae, along with honeydew melons, watermelons, and cucumbers. Other names for cantaloupe include muskmelon, mush melon, rock melon, and Persian melon. The scientific name for the N. American Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo reticulatus) stems in part from the word “reticulated,” describing the cantaloupe’s rough, webbed outer skin.
Commercial Examples: Unencumbered Antelope | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery; eXile X-10 (Saison Brewed With Cantaloupe) | DuClaw Brewing Co.; Cantalope Saison | Intuition Ale Works; (Hami melon) Taiwan Beer Melon | Taiwan Tobacco & Liquor Corp.
The carob tree has fruit that looks like a dark brown pea pod, which carries pulp and seeds. Each carob tree is a single sex, so it takes a male and female tree to produce carob pods. A single male tree can pollinate up to 20 female trees. After six or seven years, a carob tree is able to produce pods. Carob is a sweet and healthy substitute for chocolate. The fruit is a legume that is elongated, compressed, straight, or curved, and thickened at the sutures.
A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit). Commercial cherries are obtained from two main cultivars, the sweet cherry (Prunus avium) to which most cherry cultivars belong, and the sour cherry (Prunus cerasus), which is used mainly for cooking. Both species originate in Europe and western Asia; they usually do not cross-pollinate. Sour cherries require no pollenizer, while few sweet varieties are self-fertile.
Acerola cherry is also known as Guarani cherry, Barbados cherry, West Indian cherry, and wild crepe myrtle. Acerola is native to South America, Central America and southern Mexico, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic and Haiti, and is now being grown as far north as Texas and in subtropical areas of India. After three years, trees produce significant numbers of bright red drupes. Drupes are in pairs or groups of three, and each contains three triangular seeds.
Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and as food products. The sour berries, or aronia berries, can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. The name chokeberry comes from the astringency of the fruits, which create the sensation of making one’s mouth pucker.
A Chuckleberry is a hybrid between a redcurrant, gooseberry and jostaberry (a jostaberry already being a hybrid of a gooseberry and blackcurrant). This large mix of different flavor profiles has resulted in a dark red/purple fruit around the size of a blackcurrant, with a complex, yet delicious taste that’s a lovely sharp, tart, but sweet flavor with very few seeds. Also known as shadbush, shadwood or shadblow, Canadian serviceberry, and currant-tree.
Clementines are hybrid fruits that were a cross between a willowleaf mandarin orange (C. × deliciosa) and a sweet orange (C. × sinensis), named in honor of Clément Rodier, a French missionary who first produced the cultivar in Algeria. The exterior is a deep orange colour with a smooth, glossy appearance. Clementines can be separated into 7 to 14 segments. Similar to tangerines, they tend to be easy to peel. They are typically juicy and sweet, with less acid than oranges.
Commercial Examples: Patrons Project 3.03 // DDH Clementine Black IPA // James Butler // Black Hole Sun // Marble | Northern Monk; Provenance (Tangerine & Clementine)(Batch #1) | Jester King Brewery; Clementine And Cranberry Sour | Brick Brewery; St. Bretta Clementine | Crooked Stave Artisan Beer Project
Cloudberries are a species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae that are an amber-orange colored fruit with a shape like a cloud. These berries are typically grown in parts of Northern Europe, North America, and Russia. Cloudberries have a deliciously sweet and sour taste. The sweetness starts to predominate as cloudberries ripen. Common names include nordic berry, bakeapple, knotberry, knoutberry, and aqpik.
A coconut is the edible fruit of the coconut palm, a member of the palm tree family (Arecaceae) and the only living species of the genus Cocos. Coconut flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh or processed into coconut milk or coconut oil. The liquid of the nut, known as coconut water, is used in beverages. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut.
The Cornelian cherry, European Cornel or Cornelian cherry dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to Southern Europe and Southwestern Asia. The fruits are red berries. When ripe, the fruit is dark ruby red or a bright yellow. It has an acidic flavor which is best described as a mixture of cranberry and sour cherry; it is mainly used for making jam or a cranberry like sauce.
The crabapple, also spelled crab apple, any of several small trees of the genus Malus, in the rose family (Rosaceae). Crabapples are native to North America and Asia. They are widely grown for their attractive growth habit, spring flower display, and decorative fruits. The fruits are much smaller and more tart than the common apple (Malus domestica) but are suitable for jellies, preserves, and cider.
Cranberries are related to bilberries, blueberries, and huckleberries, all in Vaccinium subgenus Vaccinium. These differ in having bell-shaped flowers, the petals not being reflexed, and woodier stems, forming taller shrubs. In Britain, cranberry may refer to the native species Vaccinium oxycoccos, while in North America, cranberry tends to refer to Vaccinium macrocarpon.
Commercial Examples: Cape Codder Weisse | Night Shift Brewing; Cranberry Orange Allure | Pollyanna Brewing Co.; B0 Black Gose with Cranberry and Orange | Transmitter Brewing; Serendipity | New Glarus Brewing Co.
Crowberry, black crowberry, or, in western Alaska, blackberry, is a flowering plant species in the heather family Ericaceae with a near circumboreal distribution in the northern hemisphere. It is also native in the Falkland Islands. Evolutionary biologists have explained the striking geographic distribution of crowberries as a result of long-distance migratory birds dispersing seeds from one pole to the other.
Commercial Examples: VÍNLAND NR.C5 | Borg Brugghús; Northern Stout | Northern Brewers Norrlandsbryggarna; Kolsch Conditioned With Lingonberries And Crowberries | HooDoo Brewing Co.
Damsons are an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. The damson is its distinctive rich flavor; unlike other plums it is both high in sugars and highly astringent. They have a large stone and are often juicy, but tend not be eaten raw due to the tartness of the flesh. Damsons as opposed to plums have an oblong-oval shape and unlike plums the pronounced, grooved longitudinal seam, on damsons is far more difficult to see.
The date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit called dates. The species is widely cultivated across northern Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia, and is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Dates are of the genus Phoenix, which contains 12–19 species of wild date palms, and have been cultivated in the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years.
The Doum palm or gingerbread tree (also mistakenly doom palm), is a type of palm tree with an edible oval fruit. Native to the Arabian Peninsula and also to the northern half and western part of Africa where it tends to grow in places where groundwater is present. The flavor of the red-orange fruit is frequently likened to that of gingerbread. The nut is eaten raw, and the rind from the seeds is made into sweetmeats and molasses.
Commercial Examples: Ta Henket | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery
Dragon fruit, otherwise known as Pitaya or pitahaya, is the fruit of several different cactus species indigenous to the Americas. Pitay has a vibrant pink, thick outer skin with spikey-looking green growths. Dragon fruit is usually pink on the outside with a white or vibrant pink flesh and dotted with small black edible seeds throughout. Dragon fruit can sometimes have yellow skin as well, and this variety only has a white flesh with small black edible seeds.
Commercial Examples: Dragons & YumYums | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery; Illusion of Safety [Dragon Fruit + Mango + Passion Fruit + Pink Guava] | Adroit Theory; Dragon Fruit | Pasteur Street Brewing Co.
The durian is the edible fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 300 named varieties in Thailand and over 100 in Malaysia. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. It is native to Borneo and Sumatra. These large spiky fruits are infamous for their putrid scent.
Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae. The various species are commonly called elder or elderberry. The genus was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified as Adoxaceae due to genetic and morphological comparisons to plants in the genus Adoxa. Elderberries are rich in anthocyanidins that combine to give elderberry juice an intense blue-purple coloration that turns reddish on dilution with water.
Etrog is the yellow citron that is used in traditional Jewish ceremonies. During the week-long holiday of Sukkot the Etrog is used as one of the four species. Together with the lulav, hadass, and aravah, the etrog is taken in hand and held or waved during specific portions of the holiday prayers. Special care is often given to selecting an etrog for the performance of the Sukkot holiday rituals. In Hebrew, etrog is the name for any variety or form of citron, either kosher or not.
The fig is the edible fruit of Ficus carica, a species of small tree in the flowering plant family Moraceae. Native to the Mediterranean and western Asia, it has been cultivated since ancient times and is now widely grown throughout the world, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant. Ficus carica is the type species of the genus Ficus, containing over 800 tropical and subtropical plant species. Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, and Algeria are the largest commercial producers.
The Goji, Goji Berry or Wolfberry is the fruit of either Lycium barbarum or Lycium chinense, two closely related species of boxthorn in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. Both species are native to Asia, and have been long used in traditional Asian cuisine. The fruit has also been an ingredient in traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese medicine, since at least the 3rd Century ACE.
Golden Berry is a South American plant native to Colombia, Ecuador and Peru in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), commonly known as Cape gooseberry or ground cherry. The history of cultivation in South America can be traced to the Inca Empire. It has been cultivated in England since the late 18th century, and in South Africa in the Cape of Good Hope since at least the start of the 19th century.
Commercial Examples: Hydra | Goldenberry + Guanabana + Mango | Mortalis Brewing Co.; Liquid Lollipop: Mango, Goldenberry, Strawberry | Froth Brewing Co.; Otis the Bird – Goldenberry/Vanilla | 2nd Shift Brewing
Gooseberry is a common name for many species of Ribes as well as a large number of plants of similar appearance. The berries are edible and may be green, orange, red, purple, yellow, white, or black. The gooseberry is indigenous to many parts of Europe and western Asia, growing naturally in alpine thickets and rocky woods in the lower country, from France to the Himalayas and peninsular India.
A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the flowering plant genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes, used for making wine, jam, grape juice, jelly, grape seed extract, vinegar, and grape seed oil, or dried as raisins, currants and sultanas. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters of 15 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green, orange, and pink.
The grapefruit is a subtropical citrus tree known for its relatively large, sour to semi-sweet, somewhat bitter fruit. The interior flesh is segmented and varies in color from pale yellow to dark pink. Grapefruit is a citrus hybrid originating in Barbados as an accidental cross between the sweet orange (C. sinensis) and the pomelo or shaddock (C. maxima), both of which were introduced from Asia in the 17th century. When found, it was called the forbidden fruit.
Soursop (aka graviola, guyabano, Brazilian pawpaw, and guanábana) is the fruit of Annona muricata, a broadleaf, flowering, evergreen tree, in the same genus, Annona, as cherimoya and is in the Annonaceae family. With an aroma similar to pineapple, the flavor of the fruit has been described as a combination of strawberries and apple with sour citrus flavor notes, contrasting with an underlying thick creamy texture reminiscent of banana.
Guava is a common tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions. The common guava Psidium guajava (lemon guava, apple guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family Myrtaceae, native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. Related plants may also be called guavas; they belong to other species (Psidium) or genera (Myrteae), such as the pineapple guava, (Feijoa sellowiana).
The common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), also known as oneseed hawthorn, or single-seeded hawthorn, is a species of flowering plant in the rose family Rosaceae. It is native to Europe, northwestern Africa and West Asia, but has been introduced in many other parts of the world. Other common names include May, Mayblossom, Maythorn, (as the flowers tend to bloom in May), Quickthorn, Whitethorn, Motherdie, and Haw.
Honeysuckle is a plant well-known in eastern countries, particularly in China and Russia. It is commonly known as haskap berry or honeyberry. The plant naturally occurs in forests in Europe, North Asia and North America, mostly in mountainous and low-lying wet regions. It belongs to the Caprifoliaceae family, and its fruit is known as honeysuckle berries and are claimed to be one of the richest sources of vitamin C among all the berries.
Commercial Examples: You Can’t Get There From Here: Arctic Blue Honeysuckle | Burlington Beer Co.; Honeysuckle Strong | Bulk Head Brewing Co.; 3-2-1 Gose W/ Honeysuckle | Waredaca Brewing Co.
Jackfruit is a tropical fruit with an impressive size of anywhere between 8 inches to 3 feet tall, with its weight varying even greater at 10 to 110 pounds! The outside of the jackfruit has a green spiky skin that’s thick and unyielding. Inside, there is a white, fibrous surface that holds the golden yellow jackfruit pods. The jackfruit pods are the edible part of the jackfruit, and each pod has a seed on the inside that is edible after boiling.
The Jujube, sometimes jujuba, is known by the scientific name Ziziphus jujuba. Other names for the Jujube include, red date, Chinese date, and Chinese jujube, is a species in the genus Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae. Its precise natural distribution is uncertain due to extensive cultivation, but is thought to be in southern Asia, between Lebanon, Northern India, and Southern and Central China, and possibly also into Southeastern Europe.
Juneberry one of the various species of Amelanchier is also known as shadbush, shadwood or shadblow, serviceberry or sarvisberry, sarvis, saskatoon, sugarplum, wild-plum, or chuckley pear, is a genus of about 20 species of deciduous-leaved shrubs and small trees in the rose family (Rosaceae). Native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. At least one species of Amelanchier is native to every U.S. State except Hawaii
A juniper berry is the female seed cone produced by the various species of junipers. It is not a true berry but a cone with unusually fleshy and merged scales, which gives it a berry-like appearance. The cones from a handful of species, especially Juniperus communis, are used as a spice, particularly in European cuisine, and also give gin its distinctive flavor. Juniper berries are among the only spices derived from conifers, along with spruce buds.
Commercial Examples: Botanical Imperial IPA (Hop Kitchen) | New Belgium Brewing Co.; Coolcumber | Wicked Weed Brewing Co.; San Salvador Winter Black Lager | Ballast Point Brewing Co.; R & D Gotlandic Ale | New Glarus Brewing Co.
The Key lime, also known as West Indian lime, bartender’s lime, Omani lime, or Mexican lime, is a citrus hybrid (C. hystrix × C. medica) native to tropical Southeast Asia. The Key lime is usually picked while it is still green, but it becomes yellow when it ripens. It is valued for its characteristic flavor. The name comes from its association with the Florida Keys, where it is best known as the flavoring ingredient in Key lime pie.
Commercial Examples: Illusion of Safety [Tayberry + Passion Fruit + Key Lime] (Ghost 948) | Adroit Theory; Suburban Beverage | Perennial Artisan Ales; Obscuro & Nimbosus | Avery Brewing Co.
Kiwifruit (often shortened to kiwi in North America and continental Europe) also called Chinese gooseberry is the edible berry of several species of woody vines in the genus Actinidia. The most common cultivar group of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa ‘Hayward’). The genus comprises around 60 species. Their fruits are quite variable, although most are easily recognized as kiwifruit because of their appearance and shape.
Actinidia arguta, the hardy kiwi, is a perennial vine native to Japan, Korea, Northern China, and the Russian Far East. It produces a small kiwifruit without the hair-like fiber covering the outside, unlike most other species of the genus. The fruit is referred to as Siberian gooseberry, Siberian kiwi, hardy kiwifruit, kiwi berry, arctic kiwi, baby kiwi, dessert kiwi, grape kiwi, northern kiwi, or cocktail kiwi, and are edible, berry- or grape-sized.
Kabosu (Citrus sphaerocarpa) is a citrus fruit of an evergreen broad-leaf tree in the family Rutaceae. Kabosu is a juicy citrus fruit closely related to yuzu. Its juice has the sharpness of lemon, and it is used instead of vinegar in some Japanese dishes. It grows on a flowering tree with sharp thorns. The fruit is harvested when still green, but if left to ripen it turns yellow. It is often confused with similar citrus such as the sudachi.
Kumquats or Cumquats are a group of small fruit-bearing trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae. They were previously classified as forming the now-historical genus Fortunella, or placed within Citrus, sensu lato. The edible fruit closely resembles the orange (Citrus sinensis) in color and shape but is much smaller, being approximately the size of a large olive. Kumquats are a fairly cold-hardy citrus, and much hardier than oranges.
The lemon is a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia, primarily Northeast India (Assam), Northern Myanmar or China. The tree’s ellipsoidal yellow fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, which has both culinary and cleaning uses.The pulp and rind are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid.
A lime is a citrus fruit, which is typically round, green in color, and contains acidic juice vesicles. There are several species of citrus trees whose fruits are called limes, including the Key lime, Persian lime, Makrut or Kaffir lime, and Desert lime. Limes are a rich source of vitamin C, sour, and often used to accent the flavors of foods and beverages. Plants with fruit called “limes” have diverse genetic origins; limes do not form a monophyletic group.
The lingonberry, partridgeberry, mountain cranberry, or cowberry, is a small evergreen shrub in the heath family Ericaceae, that bears an edible fruit. It is native to the boreal or snow forest and Arctic tundra throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from Europe and Asia to North America. There are two regional varieties or subspecies of Vaccinium vitis-idaea, one in Eurasia and one in North America, differing only in leaf size.
Commercial Examples: Fleur Fleurie | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery; Kolsch Conditioned With Lingonberries And Crowberries | HooDoo Brewing Co.; Spontanlingonberry | Mikkeller
The loganberry is a hybrid of the North American blackberry (Rubus ursinus) and the European raspberry (Rubus idaeus). The plant and the fruit resemble the blackberry more than the raspberry, but the fruit color is a dark red, rather than black as in blackberries. Loganberries – which were an accident of berry breeding by James Harvey Logan in 1881, for whom they are named – are only cultivated commercially and by gardeners.
Commercial Examples: Elemental Series Wild Saison With Loganberries And Brettanomyces| Category 12 Brewing; Lakeside Loganberry | BlackBird Cider Works; Loganberry Brown Ale | Tomoka Brewing Co.
The longan (Dimocarpus longan) is a tropical tree species that produces edible fruit. It is one of the better-known tropical members of the soapberry family Sapindaceae. Due to its unique look, in China, it is commonly called ‘dragon’s eye’ because it resembles an eyeball when its fruit is shelled (the black seed shows through the translucent flesh like a pupil/iris). The seed is small, round and hard, and of an enamel-like, lacquered black.
The loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) is a large evergreen shrub or tree, grown commercially for its orange fruit and for its leaves, which are used to make tea. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant. The loquat is in the family Rosaceae, and is native to the cooler hill regions of south-central China. The loquat is also known as Japanese or Chinese plum, as well as pipa (China), naspli (Malta), níspero (Spain), nêspera (Portugal), and nespolo (Italy).
Lychee (Litchi chinensis) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae. It is a tropical tree native to the Guangdong and Fujian provinces of southeastern China, where cultivation is documented from the 11th century. A tall evergreen tree, the lychee bears small fleshy fruits. The outside of the fruit is pink-red, roughly textured, and inedible, covering sweet flesh eaten in many different dessert dishes.
Commercial Examples: Illusion of Safety [Lychee + Passion Fruit + Mango + White Chocolate] (Ghost 1082) | Adroit Theory; Ku’uipo | Lanikai; Gelato: Lychee, Peach & Calamansi | Funky Fluid
The kaffir or makrut lime is a citrus fruit native to tropical Southeast Asia and southern China. Its fruit and leaves are used in Southeast Asian cuisine and its essential oil is used in perfumery. Its rind and crushed leaves emit an intense citrus fragrance. In South Africa, the Arabic kafir was adopted by White colonialists as kaffir, an ethnic slur for black African people. Consequently, many people now call the kaffir lime the makrut lime.
Commercial Examples: Wahoo White w/ Thai Chili, Kaffir Lime Leaf & Orange Peel | Ballast Point Brewing Co.; Galangal Action | Against the Grain Brewery; Tongue Thai’d | Jackie O’s Brewery
The mandarin or Satsuma is a small citrus tree fruit, and a distinct species of orange, it is usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Mandarins are smaller and oblate, unlike the spherical common oranges. The taste is considered sweeter and stronger than the common orange. A ripe mandarin is firm to slightly soft, heavy for its size, and pebbly-skinned. The peel is thin, loose, with little white mesocarp, so they are usually easier to peel and to split into segments.
A mango is an edible stone fruit produced by the tropical tree Mangifera indica. The Mango has been cultivated in South and Southeast Asia since ancient times resulting in two distinct types of cultivars: the “Indian” and the “Southeast Asian” types. Worldwide, there are several hundred cultivars of mango that depending on the cultivar, varies in size, shape, sweetness, skin color, and flesh color which may be pale yellow, gold, green, or orange
Commercial Examples: Speedway Stout – Chili Mango | AleSmith Brewing Co.; Illusion of Safety [Blackberry + Blueberry + Mango + Pomegranate] (Ghost 1074) | Adroit Theory; Bubble Bath: Peach Mango Banana | Alvarado Street Brewery; SoMa Vice #2 | Cellarmaker Brewing Co.
Mangosteen is a type of tropical fruit that has a purple outer shell with beautiful translucent-white fruit on the inside. The fruit is naturally sectioned off into segments, and you can tell how many segments will be present by looking at the bottom of the fruit at the flat, flower-shaped growth and counting the number of petals. When opened, the smaller segments tend to have no seeds, while the bigger segments usually have an inedible seed.
Maqui or Chilean wineberry, is a tree species in the Elaeocarpaceae family native to South America in the Valdivian temperate rainforests of Chile and adjacent regions of southern Argentina. Most of the fruits commercially marketed come from the wild. Today, maqui berry is marketed as a “superfruit” due to its high antioxidant content and potential health benefits, including reduced inflammation, blood sugar control and heart health.
The marionberry is a cultivar of blackberry developed by the USDA ARS breeding program in cooperation with Oregon State University. A cross between the Chehalem and Olallie varieties, it is the most common form of blackberry cultivated. The berry has a somewhat tart flavor, fairly earthy with traces of sweetness. Larger, sweeter and juicier than the Evergreen’ blackberry, its flavor complexity has led its label as the Cabernet of Blackberries.
A melon is any of various plants of the family Cucurbitaceae with sweet, edible, and fleshy fruit. The word melon can refer to either the plant or specifically to the fruit. Botanically, a melon is a kind of berry, specifically a pepo. The honeydew melon is one of the two main cultivar types in Cucumis melo Inodorus Group, characterized by the smooth rind and lack of musky odor. The other main type in the Inodorus Group is the wrinkle-rind casaba melon.
Meyer lemon, is a hybrid citrus fruit native to China. It is a cross between a citron and a mandarin/pomelo hybrid. The Meyer lemon is commonly grown in China in garden pots as an ornamental tree. It became popular as a food item in the U.S. after being rediscovered by chefs such as Alice Waters at Chez Panisse during the rise of California Cuisine starting in the 1970s. Popularity further climbed when Martha Stewart began featuring them.
Monk fruit or luo han guo, is a herbaceous vine of the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae, native to Southern China and Northern Thailand. The fruit is round, smooth, yellow-brownish or green-brownish in color, containing striations from the fruit stem end of the furrows with a hard but thin skin covered by fine hairs. The inside of the fruit contains an edible pulp, which, when dried, forms a thin, light brown, brittle shell. The rind is used to make tea.
Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family Moraceae, consists of diverse species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions. Generally, the genus has three well-known species ostensibly named for the fruit color of the best-known cultivar: white, red, and black mulberry (Morus alba, M. rubra, and M. nigra, respectively), with numerous cultivars.
Commercial Examples: Redwood (2018) | The Wild Beer Co.; Bourbon County Brand Stout Backyard Rye (2013) | Goose Island Beer Co.; Snallygaster 2014: Barrel-Aged w/ Black Mulberries | Bluejacket
The variety P. persica var. nucipersica, commonly called nectarine, has a smooth skin. It is on occasion referred to as a shaved peach or fuzzless peach, due to its lack of fuzz or short hairs. Though fuzzy peaches and nectarines are regarded commercially as different fruits, with nectarines often erroneously believed to be a crossbreed between peaches and plums, or a “peach with a plum skin”, nectarines belong to the same species as peaches.
The olallieberry is the marketing name for the ‘Olallie’ blackberry released by the United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), in collaboration with Oregon State University. The berry was a selection from a cross between the ‘Black Logan’ (syn. ‘Mammoth’), developed by Judge James Logan in California, and the youngberry, which was developed by Byrnes M. Young in Louisiana.
The olive is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found traditionally in the Mediterranean Basin. The olive’s fruit, also called an “olive”, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil; it is one of the core ingredients in Mediterranean cuisine. The tree and its fruit give their name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacs, jasmine, Forsythia, and the true ash trees (Fraxinus).
The orange is the fruit of various citrus species in the family Rutaceae; it primarily refers to Citrus × sinensis, which is also called sweet orange, to distinguish it from the related Citrus × aurantium, referred to as bitter orange. The orange is a hybrid between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata). Common oranges (also called “white”, “round”, or “blond” oranges) constitute about two-thirds of all the orange production.
Cara cara oranges or red navel, are a type of navel orange grown mainly in Venezuela, South Africa and in California’s San Joaquin Valley. They are sweet and comparatively low in acid, with a bright orange rind similar to that of other navels, but their flesh is distinctively pinkish red. It is believed that they have originated as a cross between the Washington and the Brazilian Bahia navels, at the Hacienda Cara Cara in Valencia, Venezuela, in 1976.
The Seville orange, Bitter orange, sour orange, bigarade orange, or marmalade orange is the citrus tree Citrus × aurantium and its fruit. It is native to Southeast Asia and has been spread by humans to many parts of the world. It is probably a cross between the pomelo, Citrus maxima, and the mandarin orange, Citrus reticulata. The Seville orange variety is used in the production of marmalade and also used to make French bigarade sauce.
The Valencia orange is a sweet orange cultivar named after the famed oranges in València, Spain. It was first hybridized by pioneer American agronomist and land developer William Wolfskill in the mid-19th century. Primarily grown for processing and orange juice production, Valencia oranges have seeds, varying in number from zero to nine per fruit. Its excellent taste and internal color make it desirable for the fresh fruit markets.
The papaya, papaw, or pawpaw is the plant Carica papaya, one of the 22 accepted species in the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae of flowering plants in the order Brassicales. Its origin is in the tropics of South America. Two kinds of papayas are commonly grown. One that has sweet, red or orange flesh, and the other has yellow flesh; in Australia, these are called “red papaya” and “yellow papaw”, respectively. Either kind, when picked green, is called a “green papaya”
Passion fruit, is a vine species of passion flower native to southern Brazil through Paraguay and Northern Argentina. It is cultivated commercially in tropical and subtropical areas for its sweet, seedy fruit. The fruit is a pepo, a type of berry, round to oval, either yellow or dark purple at maturity, with a soft to firm, juicy interior filled with numerous seeds. The fruit is both eaten and juiced, the juice often added to other fruit juices to enhance aroma.
Commercial Examples: Dragons & YumYums | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery; Illusion of Safety [Tayberry + Passion Fruit + Key Lime] (Ghost 948) | Adroit Theory; Passion Fruit Reinheitsgewhat!? | Little Fish Brewing Co.
Asimina triloba, the American papaw, pawpaw, paw paw, or paw-paw, among many regional names, is a small deciduous tree native to the Eastern US and Canada, producing a large, yellowish-green to brown fruit. It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang-ylang, and soursop. Pawpaw fruits are the largest edible fruit indigenous to the United States.
The peach is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains where it was first domesticated and cultivated. It bears edible juicy fruits with various characteristics, most called peaches and others (the glossy-skinned, non-fuzzy varieties), nectarines. It belongs to the genus Prunus, which includes the cherry, apricot, almond, and plum, in the rose family.
Pears are fruits produced and consumed around the world, growing on a tree and harvested in the Northern Hemisphere in late summer into October. The pear tree and shrub are a species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae, bearing the pomaceous fruit of the same name. About 3000 known varieties of pears are grown worldwide, which vary in both shape and taste. The fruit is consumed fresh, canned, as juice, or dried.
Persimmons (Diospyros species) are a commonly available fruit and the typical cultivars are native to East Asia; particularly China, Japan, and Korea. The persimmon fruit is a brilliant bright orange color, and it comes in two distinct varieties. First, the fuyu persimmon looks like a wide-shaped tomato and it has a crisp, slightly sweet and crunchy flesh. Secondly, the Hachiya persimmon has a rounder and taller shape.
The pineapple is a tropical plant with an edible fruit and the most economically significant plant in the family Bromeliaceae. Indigenous to South America, where it has been cultivated for many centuries. Since the 1820s, it has been commercially grown in greenhouses and tropical plantations becoming the 3rd most important tropical fruit in world production. The 20th century saw Hawaii became a dominant producer of pineapples.
Like the modern Garden Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa), the pineberry is a hybrid of the wild South American strawberry Fragaria chiloensis, which grows wild in some parts of Chile, and the North American strawberry Fragaria virginiana. It is a member of the Rosaceae family. The Pineberry is a relatively new pale pink or pale orange to white strawberry cultivar that is adorned with red achenes (the seeds), and a pineapple-like flavor
Plantains (plátanos in Spanish) belong to Musaceae, family (bananas) and it closely related to the common banana. They are technically fruits, but much like the tomato and unlike the banana, they are eaten and cooked as if they were a vegetable. Harder to peel than bananas, plantains cannot be eaten raw. They must be cooked and are an important part of Central and South American, Caribbean, African, and Southeast Asian cuisines
Plerries are interspecific hybrids between plums and cherries. When the hybrids were first created, a cross that yielded fruit with dominant cherry genes was called Cherums, and when the cross yielded predominantly plum genes, it was called Plerries. Plerries are botanically a part of the Prunus genus, are interspecific hybrid varieties belonging to the Rosaceae family. Popular varieties are: ‘Pixie Sweet’ ‘Gold Nugget’ ‘Sprite’ ‘Delight’ ‘Sweet Treat’ ‘Sugar Twist’
A plum is a fruit of some species in Prunus subg. Prunus. The numerous species of Prunus subg. Prunus are classified into many sections, but not all of them are called plums. Only two plum species, the hexaploid European plum (Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum (Prunus salicina and hybrids), are of worldwide commercial significance. Dried plums are called prunes, which have a dark, wrinkled appearance.
Commercial Examples: №6 Funky Janky | Ah! Brew Works (Balkan Beverage Corp.); Eastern Seaboard / Right Loose | Dogfish Head Craft Brewery; The Traveling Plum | The Bruery Terreux; Redwood (2018) | The Wild Beer Co.
Pluot is a second generation hybrid of plums and apricots. Rather than being an equal mix between the two fruits, pluots resemble the plum rather than an apricot and are generally 60-75% plum. Derived from the plumcots (a 50-50 hybrid of plums and apricots by Luther Burbank), pluots were bred (and patented) by Floyd Zaiger. With a thin, delicate skin that ranges from magenta to a rhubarb red, pluots are a semi-tart and juicy summer staple.
The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub in the family Lythraceae, subfamily Punicoideae. The Pomegranate has more than 500 named cultivars, but evidently has considerable synonymy in which the same genotype is named differently across regions of the world. As intact sarcotestas or juice, pomegranates are used in baking, cooking, juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine.
Commercial Examples: Illusion of Safety [Blackberry + Blueberry + Mango + Pomegranate] (Ghost 1074) | Adroit Theory; Late Harvest | Upright Brewing Co; Pomegranate Melomel | The BottleHouse Brewing Co.
The pomelo, pummelo, (Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis), is the largest citrus fruit from the family Rutaceae and the principal ancestor of the grapefruit. It is a natural, or non-hybrid, citrus fruit, native to Southeast Asia. Similar in taste to a sweet grapefruit, the pomelo is commonly consumed and used for festive occasions throughout Southeast Asia. The fruit is large, and has a thicker rind than a grapefruit,and tastes like a mild grapefruit, with little of its bitterness.
Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus of flowering plants in the cactus family Cactaceae. Prickly pears are also known as tuna (fruit), sabra, nopal (paddle, plural nopales) The genus is named for the Ancient Greek city of Opus, where, according to Theophrastus, an edible plant grew and could be propagated by rooting its leaves. The most common culinary species is the Indian fig opuntia (Opuntia ficus-indica).
A prune is a dried plum, most commonly from the European plum (Prunus domestica). Not all plum species or varieties can be dried into prunes. European Plum varieties that have a high soluble solids content, and that do not ferment during drying make the best quality prunes. Most prunes are freestone cultivars (the pit is easy to remove), whereas most plums grown for fresh consumption are clingstone (the pit is more difficult to remove).
Commercial Examples: Tumeaine – Prunes, Cocoa Nibs, Chipotle, Vanilla | Pühaste Brewery; Oude Quetsche Tilquin à L’Ancienne avec Prunes De Namur | Gueuzerie Tilquin
The quince (Cydonia oblonga) is the sole member of the genus Cydonia in the family Rosaceae (which also contains apples and pears, among other fruits). It is a tree that bears a deciduous pome fruit, similar in appearance to a pear, and is bright golden-yellow when mature. The raw fruit is a source of food. The tree has been grown by landscape architects for its attractive pale pink blossoms and other ornamental qualities.
A raisin is a dried grape, traditionally sun-dried. Raisin varieties depend on the type of grape used and are made in a variety of sizes and colors including green, black, brown, blue, purple, and yellow. Seedless varieties include the sultana a golden-colored dried grape, (the common American type is known as Thompson Seedless, the Greek currants (black Corinthian raisins, Vitis vinifera L. var. Apyrena), and Flame grapes.
Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) is a medium-sized tropical tree in the family Sapindaceae. The name also refers to the edible fruit produced by this tree. The rambutan is native to Southeast Asia. It is closely related to several other edible tropical fruits including the lychee, longan, pulasan and mamoncillo. The name “rambutan” is derived from the Malay word rambut meaning ‘hair’ referring to the numerous hairy protuberances of the fruits,
A tart hybrid of the Mandarin orange and a lemon, the Rangpur fruit, also known as a lemanderin, Kona lime or marmalade lime, is a small fruit round roughly the size of a Mandarin orange. From Southeast Asia, the Rangpur fruit is believed to have originated in Bangladesh before spreading north. The fruit is tart rather than sweet, is seedless like a lime and bright orange in color. Rangpur fruits are often made into marmalade or mixed into fruit juices.
The raspberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus of the rose family, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus. The name also applies to these plants themselves. What distinguishes the raspberry from its blackberry relatives is whether or not the torus (receptacle or stem) picks with the fruit. When picking a blackberry fruit, the torus stays with the fruit. With a raspberry, the torus remains on the plant,
The redcurrant or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family. It is native across Europe. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. Ribes rubrum is a deciduous shrub with five-lobed leaves arranged spirally on the stems. The flowers are inconspicuous yellow-green, in pendulous racemes, maturing into bright red translucent edible berries, with 3–10 berries on each.
The rowan or mountain-ashes are shrubs or trees in the genus Sorbus of the rose family, Rosaceae. They are native throughout the cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the highest species diversity in the Himalaya, southern Tibet and parts of western China. The name rowan was originally applied to the species Sorbus aucuparia and is also used for other species in Sorbus subgenus Sorbus.
Salal Berry (Gaultheria shallon) is an ornamental evergreen ground-cover with beautiful bell-shaped blossoms and tasty blue-black fruits. The berries are sweet and juicy when ripe with an excellent flavor and can be mashed into cakes and then dried and stored. Salal Berry can be found growing under conifer forest canopies from northern California up to Alaska. It thrives in damp, shady areas as well as on the edges of meadows.
The salmonberry, is a species of bramble in the rose family Rosaceae, native to the West coast of North America from west central Alaska to California, inland as far as Idaho. Like other species in the genus Rubus, the plant bears edible fruit, typically yellow-orange or red in color, resembling raspberries in appearance. Salmonberries are edible and share the fruit structure of the raspberry, with the fruit pulling away from its receptacle,
Commercial Examples: Oatmeal Stout W/ Cocoa Nibs, Salmonberries, And Jalapeño | HooDoo Brewing Co.; Salmonberry Wheat Ale | Four Winds Brewing; Salmonberry | Propolis Brewing
Schisandra Berry (Schisandra chinensis) or five flavor fruit, is a fruit-bearing vine. It’s purple-red berries are described as having five tastes: sweet, salty, bitter, pungent, and sour. The seeds of the Schisandra berry contain lignans which are substances that may have beneficial effects on health. Schisandra isn’t typically used as a food. But it has been used for medicinal purposes throughout Asia and Russia for generations.
Seaberries are otherwise known as Sea Buckthorn, and they are brightly-colored yellow to orange berries. We can find these berries throughout the world, from Western Europe and North America to Russia and China. On the positive side, seaberries are also tasty, and they have a juicy, sweet, and slightly sour taste. The berries can be consumed alone, or they are also popularly used for making jams and juices.
Carambola, also known as star fruit or 5 fingers, is the fruit of Averrhoa carambola, a species of tree native to tropical Southeast Asia. The fruit is commonly consumed in parts of Brazil, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the South Pacific, Micronesia, parts of East Asia, the United States, and the Caribbean. The fruit has distinctive ridges running down its sides (usually 5–6). When cut in cross-section, it resembles a star, giving it the name of star fruit.
The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries, which are cultivated worldwide for their fruit. The fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. The garden strawberry was first bred in Brittany, France, in the 1750s via a cross of Fragaria virginiana from eastern North America and Fragaria chiloensis from Chile.
The Strawberry Tree in the flowering plant family Ericaceae, is native to the Mediterranean, and is also a popular ornamental plant throughout the Northwest United States. The red berry or Arbouse fruit, yielded by these evergreens is edible and remarkably similar to large cherries, except for the rough textured exterior skin. Once opened, the skin reveals a soft and grainy intense yellow pulp with a refreshing flavor, both sweet and sour.
The tangelo is a citrus fruit hybrid of a Citrus reticulata variety, such as a mandarin orange or tangerine, and a Citrus maxima variety, such as a pomelo or grapefruit. The name is a portmanteau of ‘tangerine’ and ‘pomelo’. Tangelos have a tart and tangy taste, and are juicy at the expense of flesh. They generally have loose skin and are easier to peel than oranges, readily distinguished from them by a characteristic “nipple” at the stem.
The tangerine (Citrus tangerina) is a type of orange whose scientific name varies. It has been treated as a separate species under the name Citrus tangerina or Citrus x tangerina. Tangerines are smaller and less rounded than common oranges. The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger, than that of an orange. A ripe tangerine is firm to slightly soft, and pebbly-skinned with no deep grooves, as well as orange in color.
The tayberry is a cultivated shrub in the genus Rubus of the family Rosaceae patented in 1979 as a cross between a blackberry and a red raspberry, and named after the River Tay in Scotland. The fruit is sweeter, much larger, and more aromatic than that of the loganberry. Tayberry fruit do not pick easily by hand and cannot be machine harvested, so they have not become a commercially grown berry crop.
Commercial Examples: Illusion of Safety [Tayberry + Passion Fruit + Key Lime] (Ghost 948) | Adroit Theory; Tatha | House of Funk Brewing Co.; Róisin Tayberry Beer | Williams Brothers Brewing Co.
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus), also known as redcaps is a species of Rubus native to northern temperate regions of North America. It bears edible red fruit similar in appearance to a raspberry, but shorter, almost hemispherical. Because the fruit does not hold together well, it has not been commercially developed for the retail berry market, but is typically cultivated for landscapes. The plant has large hairy leaves and no thorns.
The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name. Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era. A staple of Mexican cuisine, they are eaten raw and cooked in a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde.
The tomato is the edible berry of the plant commonly known as a tomato plant. The tomato is consumed in diverse ways, raw or cooked, in many dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks. While tomatoes are fruits—botanically classified as berries—they are commonly used culinarily as a vegetable ingredient or side dish. Numerous varieties of the tomato plant are widely grown in temperate climates across the world.
The Jamaican tangelo, also known by proprietary names ugli, uglifruit, and uniq fruit, is a citrus fruit that arose on the island of Jamaica through the natural hybridization of a tangerine or orange with a grapefruit (or pomelo), and is thus a tangelo. The original tree is believed to have been a hybrid formed from the Seville orange, the grapefruit and the tangerine families.
Ume is an East Asian and Southeast Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus. Its common names include Chinese or Japanese plum, and Japanese apricot. Although generally referred to as a plum in English, it is more closely related to the apricot. The fruit of the tree is used in juices, as a flavoring for alcohol, as a pickle (called Umeboshi ) and in sauces.
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family and the name of its edible fruit. Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit, which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although some seedless varieties exist.
Commercial Examples: Hibernal Dichotomous (Batch #1) | Jester King Brewery; Illusion of Safety [Watermelon + Lime + Habanero + Salt + Pink Lemonade] | Adroit Theory; Yellow Midget Watermelons: Galangal Action | Against the Grain Brewery
Myrica rubra, also called yangmei, pinyin, mountain peach, bayberry, waxberry, or Chinese strawberry is a subtropical tree grown for its fruit. The fruit is spherical, with, a knobby surface. The surface is a thick-skinned, typically a crimson red, but may vary from white to purple, with similar or somewhat lighter flesh color. At the center is a single seed, with a diameter about half that of the whole fruit. The flesh is sweet and very tart.
Much like the ugli fruit, the yuzu isn’t much of a looker. But inside the bright yellow, unevenly textured skin is a delicious fruit with an intense citrus taste. A hybrid of the sour mandarin and Inchang Papeda (a hard citrus fruit native to China), the yuzu is common in Asian markets, but harder to find mainstream stateside grocery chains. Smaller than a mandarin orange, with a thick, hard to peel skin, the fruit is equally tart and acidic.
Commercial Examples: The Messenger | Three Weavers Brewing Co.; Stone Ruination IPA w/Yuzu, Kumquats & Red Pomelo; Stone Brewing Co.; Grassroots / Tired Hands Wachu Saison; Milkshake IPA (Yuzu Calamansi Jasmine) | Tired Hands Brewing Co.